Differential response of two sourgrass populations to glyphosate

Communications in Plant Sciences, vol 3, issues 1-2, p.1-3, 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26814/cps201301

Full title: Differential response of two sourgrass populations to glyphosate

Authors: Paulo Roberto Fidelis Giancotti, Bruna Pires da Silva, Núbia Maria Correia, Leonardo Bianco de Carvalho and Pedro Luis da Costa Aguiar Alves

Abstract: The repetitive use of glyphosate may cause increase on the resistance of sourgrass (Digitaria insularis) through mechanisms of natural selection. The aim of this study was to verify the response of two populations of sourgrass (one collected from nonagricultural area and the other one from area suspected of glyphosate resistance) to increasing doses of glyphosate. The experimental design was completely randomized with four repetitions. For both populations, glyphosate was sprayed at 10 doses (0D, D/16, D/8, D/4, D/2, D, 2D, 4D, 8D, and 16D; so that D is the dose of  1.08 kg e.a. ha-1). The treatments were sprayed when the plants had shown 3-5 tillers. The population collected in the nonagricultural area was slightly more sensible to the herbicide glyphosate than the population originated from an area where the herbicide application is common, not indicating glyphosate resistance.

Keywords: Digitaria insularis, N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine, dose-response.

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