Fluoride remediation using floating macrophytes

Communications in Plant Sciences, vol 4, issues 1-2, p.23-33, 2014

Full title: Fluoride remediation using floating macrophytes

Authors: Naba Kumar Mondal, Ria Bhaumik, Uttiya Dey, Kartick Chandra Pal, Chittaranjan Das, Anindita Maitra and Jayanta Kumar Datta

Abstract: Six aquatic macrophytes, such as Pistia stratiotes, Ceratophyllum demersum, Nymphoides indica, Lemna major, Azolla pinnata,and Eichhornia crassipes were considered for remove fluoride from aqueous solution. Five different concentrations (10, 30, 50, and 100 ppm) of fluoride solution were taken in 1 L plastic container. Fixed weight (20 g) of macrophytes along with 500 ml fluoride solution was taken in each plastic container for 72 hours observation. Results demonstrated all the macrophytes show highest fluoride removal during 24 h to 48 h, but after 72 h their efficiency reduced drastically. The species N. indica showed better removal efficiency than other experimental macrophytes. In general, pigment measurement data indicated higher concentration at 72 h. However, Pistia sp. showed higher concentration of pigmentation at intermediate time interval   (48 h). Higher level of dry weight to fresh weight ratio was recorded for L. major and A. pinnata at all concentrations, excepting at 10 ppm. In addition, all macrophytes showed lower RGR at higher concentration. Isotherm study indicated that macrophyte C. demersum is a good fitted with Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm whereas L. major with Langmuir isotherm during 24 hours.

Keywords: Aquatic macrophyte, Fluoride, Adsorption, Pigment, Growth ratio, Biochemistry.

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