Communications in Plant Sciences, vol 4, issues 3-4, p.73-77, 2014
Full title: Differential susceptibility and resistance to glyphosate in annual ryegrass and wavy-leaved fleabane
Authors: Flávia Regina da Costa, Humberto Henrique Ansolin and Leonardo Bianco de Carvalho
Abstract: Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and wavy-leaved fleabane (Conyza bonariensis) were tested, aiming to investigate the dose-response of biotypes of both species to glyphosate. Glyphosate herbicide at doses varying from 0 up to 1.440 g e.a. ha-1 was sprayed onto annual ryegrass plants showed four leaves and wavy-leaved fleabane showed three pair of leaves. The fresh weight of shoot was obtained at 21 days after herbicide application. The response of biotypes of L. multiflorum and C. bonariensis to glyphosate was clearly different. For L. multiflorum, the S2, R1, and R3 biotypes supported glyphosate doses 1.5, 3.0, and 8.3 times higher than the biotype S1. For C. bonariensis, the S2 and R biotypes supported glyphosate doses 2.0 and 15.5 times higher than the biotype S1. We found a low glyphosate-resistant (R1) and a high glyphosate-resistant (R2) biotypes of L. multiflorum, in agricultural regions where other biotypes had been found. In addition, a high glyphosate-resistant (R) biotype of C. bonariensis was identified in an agricultural area of Santa Catarina State, Brazil, where weed resistant was not previously found.
Keywords: Conyza bonariensis, Lolium multiflorum, N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine, dose-response, weed resistance.